From one website in 1991 to one billion in September 2014, the World Wide Web is well on its way to two billion websites, according to Internet Live Stats. However, due to the monthly fluctuations in the count of inactive websites, the count once declined below 1 billion, but again stabilized above the 1 billion mark, starting in March 2016. You should know that a “Website” is a unique hostname that can be resolved into an IP address.
In order to register your website in India, you need to first register a domain name, for which you should find the domain registrar in the country, such as GoDaddy (recommended), http://bigrock.in and http://Netlynx.com. To start the process of registering a website, you just need to go to the registrar sites and buy a desired domain name for your website. Let us understand the entire process in detail.
What is a Domain Name?
Extensions like gov, edu, org, com, net, etc., are commonly seen on the internet. They are actually part of the domain names on the internet. Domain names function similarly to a physical address in the physical world, where each part of the domain name provides specific information, enabling web browsers to locate the web page. In addition, they provide computer users with a short name that is easy to remember.
These names identify one or more IP (Internet Protocol) addresses, an identifier assigned to each computer and other device connected to a TCP/IP network. You should know that the Internet is based on IP addresses, not domain names. Hence, every Web server requires a Domain Name System (DNS) server to translate domain names into IP addresses.
Steps to Register a Domain Name in India
Creating or registering a website has never been so easy. Let us consider two basic steps involved in the process:
Find a Domain
A domain is a website URL, which looks like ‘yourdomainname.com’. When you are choosing a domain, it means you are opting for your actual website address. Costing just ₹400 to ₹800 per year, the domain price in India is very low. To proceed with the registration, you need to enter details like name, address, email, phone number, etc. When the domain name gets registered, you receive an email for a confirmation.
Here are the steps in GoDaddy.
Search for your domain name.
Most of the times, the name you searched for may not be available and GoDaddy will show alternatives.
Choose domain name and skip domain protection and email.
Go to shopping cart and make payment.
Tip: Choose a lower number of years, so the price is lower.
Talking of web hosting, it is a backend process where your website files are stored. Hosting the website comes next after registering your domain. In India, there are a lot of hosting providers, offering domain hosting at affordable costs. For instance, 3ClOUDS, HostGator, DomainRacer, ModSecurity, and BigRock are some of the famous names for affordable web hosting services in India.
Along with providing a good support team, when you face problems with your website, a good Hosting Provider must use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) over their website. This means that they must use secure https:// instead of http://. SSL Certificates, when installed on a web server, activate the padlock and the https protocol (over port 443). This further allows secure connections from a web server to a browser.