Most of the people, at some time in their life, will get cramps. Kids, adults, or aged: it doesn’t matter how old you are, or your sex, or ethnicity is; you will experience cramps.
It will, however, get more frequent with your age, and for ladies, few pains will be more prominent and painful than the ones that accompany the menstrual period. When people feel a sharp discomfort due to involuntary contraction of their muscle mass (or a lot of muscles), it is known as a “spasm.” An extended and sustained spasm is known as a cramp.
Rub down and stretch your muscle
Stretching and lightly massaging the affected muscles might do wonders to get rid of cramps. The majority of cramps, especially those affecting the feet and thighs, can be eradicated simply by standing and walking. For any cramp in the calf muscle, you can stand a few feet away from the wall, and after that lean back, placing the hands against the wall, while you keep the feet firmly planted on the ground. You may also try lying down on your back, and then pulling your toes up toward your face, with the leg as straight as you possibly can.
For cramps in your fingers and hands, try to press your hand on the wall with the fingers stretched downwards. In by doing this, your cramped fingers’ flexor muscle is going to be stretched.
Apply a cold or warm compress
If the cramp is a result of muscle overuse or from sports injury, then apply the cold compress about the area around the cramp, not directly on it. A warm compress after the swelling has subsided may promote the blood circulation in the muscle tissue and relieve the pain.
Drink lots of fluids to replenish lost water as well as electrolytes. Drinking lots of fluids (about eight glasses of water each day) can help replenish any fluid you might have lost if the cramp is a result of dehydration. Fluids can help your muscles relax and can keep the tissue hydrated. You should also drink a solution which has electrolytes, as electrolytes aren’t found in drinking water.
Have a well-balanced diet
If you are lacking calcium, magnesium, or even potassium, then eating foods full of them will make sure that you get your daily recommended dietary allowance for those minerals. Calcium exists in milk, whereas beans and spinach are full of magnesium. Apricots, plums, and raisins can provide you with potassium requirements.