A healthy body is a guest-chamber for the soul; a sick body is a prison – Francis Bacon
You should take care of your health 10 times more when you travel to another country because the climate conditions,food,water etc will vary. If you are living in Europe or USA, then it will be difficult to withstand the living style in India as it will not be that much sophisticated. India is known for its population,pollution,garbage,bad roads etc. So you should take good care of your health to prevent from diseases and returning back Safely.
1.Take travel vaccinations
Consult your local doctor or medical practitioner at least 4 weeks prior to journey and check your body completely. The World Health Organization(WHO) suggests to take vaccinations for many diseases before travelling to India which includes Hepatitis A,B, Malaria, Typhoid etc. Check with your doctor and make sure you take all the basic and precautionary vaccinations.Also check with the Indian embassy in your country about the list of specific vaccinations you need to take as the government of India expects proof for some vaccinations.For example if you are coming from a African country like Kenya, you need to take a vaccination for yellow fever.
Carry the proof of all the vaccinations you took for immigration purposes.
2.Travel health insurance
Even if you are very 100% healthy and fit, a health insurance is mandatory for the travel.Get a good one for the whole duration of the stay and know about the expenses it will cover and the list of hospitals where you can use the insurance. Keep the health card and list of hospitals in the city of travel always with you.
3. Keep a travel health kit
Get a good pouch and pack all the necessary medicines for fever,cold,cough,headache,diarrhea,vomit etc. Keep all the pain relievers,antibiotics and ointments for insect protection. Also keep a first aid kit with cotton,band aid, scissor etc. If you taking any regular medication,keep that medicine. Also keep a copy of the original prescriptions inside the pouch.
4. Avoid exposure to germs
Carry a hand sanitizer liquid or soap with you always and wash your hands with it before eating food. If there is a need to visit hospital to see a sick person, avoid it completely.Don’t stand or sit near sick person to avoid infection.
5.Drink only mineral water
Many diseases spread in India because of water.So always drink only the distilled mineral water bottles.Before buying the bottles make sure that is sealed properly and text revealing that it has been purified.Some of the trusted mineral water brands in India are Aquafina, Bisleri, Beverley etc. Don’t drink tap water or the ones offered in water cups in hotels.
6. Eat healthy and fresh food
Don’t eat any food served on road side shops or restaurants even if you find that very cheap because they are unhealthy.Even if you go to big restaurants,eat only fresh food that is hot and avoid eating food at room temperature. Don’t eat the cut vegetables and fruits. If you want to eat fruits and vegetables, then buy it yourself and eat it after washing it completely and peeling its skin.
Make a list of good restaurants in the city and eat there only as much as possible.Check out the following sites to get an idea.
7.Say ‘No’ to Spicy and Oily food
Indian restaurants are popular for its spicy and oily food. Unless you are 100% sure that it won’t affect your health, don’t even think of it as they don’t use fresh oil for making the food and frying in the reused oil leads to health hazards like diarrhea,food poisoning etc. Spicy food does not suit all and your nose will become reddish in color after eating it and it will affect the health.
8.Bites from mosquitoes and other insects
Mosquitoes are a popular character in almost in every part of India and you should avoid getting a bite from it. Stay in air conditioned rooms as much as possible.If not, apply mosquito repellent cream on your body and sleep inside a mosquito net.Wear full sleeve shirts and cover all parts of your body to prevent from bites.Apart from mosquitoes fleas and ticks can also spread diseases.Keep always the insect repellent cream with your travel health kit.
Make sure that the bedspreads and pillows in your hotel room are replaced everyday and they are clean.
Avoid walking in crowded areas or slums where there is a possibility of infection.Don’t travel in overcrowded buses or trains as you may get infections through the air you breathe. Travel in air conditioned buses and taxis as much as possible. If you walk ,always cover your legs with shoes and socks as the roads may not be clean.Don’t plan your trip during monsoon season at any cost. If unavoidable, don’t go out if it is raining as most of the times the rain water gets mixed with the drainage which will lead to severe fever and other diseases.
10.Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)
If you are a US citizen and travelling to India, this will be helpful to you. STEP is a free service by the US government which gives many travel tips and alerts to the US citizens who are living in other countries or travelling. You just have to register in the site once for getting the travel tips.